Located on the South Plaza (State Street)
The Ohio Bicentennial Commission, the Capitol Square Review and Advisory Board, and the Ohio Historical Society created this marker in 2003 to commemorate the history of the Ohio National Guard and the 37th Buckeye Infantry Division.
Civil War - Ohio Historical Marker - Reverse Side
DEFENDING OHIO: THE OHIO
NATIONAL GUARD AND THE 37TH
(BUCKEYE) INFANTRY DIVISION
Established in 1788 as the Northwest Territory Militia, the Ohio National Guard has played a vital role in the nation¿s major conflicts, beginning in 1794 at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. In the Civil War, Ohio volunteers distinguished themselves at the battles of Chickamauga and Gettysburg, among many others. During the 20th century, Ohio citizen soldiers went overseas as the 37th Infantry (Buckeye) Division, formed in July 1917 under Governor James Cox. Sent to France in World War I, the 37th fought in the Meuse Argonne and St. Mihiel campaigns. In World War II the 37th was deployed to the South Pacific. Victorious in three major island battles, the division helped liberate Manila in 1945. From 1952 to 1954, the 37th provided troops for the Korean Conflict as a training division. Between tours of active duty, the Buckeye Division served as Ohio's primary National Guard unit until its deactivation in 1968.
THE OHIO BICENTENNIAL COMMISSION
THE 37TH DIVISION VETERANS ASSOCIATION
THE OHIO HISTORICAL SOCIETY