George Washington Williams Room - Legislators

A. Lee Beaty

House : 1917 - 1920 (82nd - 83rd OGA)
Senate :
Home : Hamilton County
Occupation(s) : Postal Employee, Attorney
Party : Republican

Cincinnati was the hometown of A. Lee Beaty. He was born there on September 2, 1869, and lived there throughout his life. His father, Powhatan Beaty, had received the Congressional Medal of Honor for bravery and meritorious conduct during the Civil War. Because his father worked at the Lincoln and Blaine Clubs, Beaty was exposed to politics at an early age. After attending public schools, Beaty worked as a law clerk and then went to Washington, DC as an attach? (clerk) for the post office. Later, he returned to Cincinnati, became a mail carrier (a prestigious position in his day), and attended law school at the University of Cincinnati.

 

After law school, Beaty established a law practice and began acquiring real estate. He also married Bessie Buckner. By 1926, Beaty had accumulated large real estate holdings and was living with his family in the East End near Broadway, an elite African American neighborhood.

 

His success and his attainment of the respect of his community were reflected in his appointment as Assistant U.S. District Attorney for Southern Ohio and his service as trustee of the African Methodist Episcopal Church.

 

Beaty was twice elected to the Ohio Legislature. He was a member of the Committee on Universities and Colleges, the Committee on Civil Service, and Committee on the Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home. He was secretary of the Committee on Civil Service. While a State Representative, Beaty sponsored legislation that would have amended and expanded the Public Accommodations Act by increasing penalties and specifying the types of public accommodations covered. Unfortunately, the bill failed.

 

During the 82nd General Assembly, Beaty introduced House Bill 227, "To Prohibit the Representation, by Lithograph, Drawing, Picture, Play, Drama or Sketch of the Hanging, Lynching or Burning of a Human Being, and to Provide a Penalty Therefore." In presenting this bill, Beaty took the floor and made what was generally considered to be the most eloquent address ever heard from an African American in the Ohio House of Representatives. When he concluded his speech, the House responded by unanimously voting for passage of the bill.

 

Sources:

  • Cincinnati Enquirer, 23 April 1936, 2.
  • Dabney, Wendell P. Cincinnati's Colored Citizens. Cincinnati: Dabney Publishing Company, 1926. 344.
  • Giffin, William Wayne. The Negro in Ohio 1914-1939. Columbus, 1968. 104-06.
  • National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center.