President James Abram Garfield was born on November 19, 1831 in Moreland Hills, Ohio. Garfield served in the Civil War on behalf of the Union, attaining the rank of Major General by the end of his service. He represented the Ohio’s 19th District in the House of Representatives from 1863 until 1880. Garfield never assumed the Senate seat that he won as a result of his ascendancy to the presidency. Garfield attempted to shape fiscal policy during Reconstruction, being a famous proponent of the gold standard. President Garfield was assassinated on September 19, 1881 in Elberon, New Jersey. President James A. Garfield was made a Great Ohioan in 2013.
This photo, showing President James A. Garfield, half-length portrait, standing, right profile, is courtesy of the Library of Congress.